Agreement Establishing Cdema

Agreement Establishing CDEMA: An Overview

The Caribbean Disaster Emergency Management Agency (CDEMA) is a regional inter-governmental agency that is focused on the management of disaster risk in the Caribbean. Its mandate is to reduce the effects of disasters on the region`s population by coordinating and supporting disaster risk management efforts across the Caribbean.

The establishment of CDEMA was the result of a collaborative effort between Caribbean governments and regional organizations to address the challenges of disaster risk management in the region. In this article, we will take a closer look at the Agreement Establishing CDEMA, the key provisions of the agreement, and the role of CDEMA in disaster risk management in the Caribbean.


The establishment of CDEMA was prompted by the frequent and devastating natural disasters that occur in the Caribbean, which often cause significant loss of life and damage to infrastructure and the economy. The Caribbean Disaster Emergency Response Agency (CDERA) was established in 1991 to address these challenges, but it became clear that a more comprehensive and coordinated approach was needed.

In 2001, Caribbean governments signed the Agreement Establishing CDEMA, which established the agency as a standalone inter-governmental organization. The agreement outlines the mission, structure, and functions of CDEMA, as well as the roles and responsibilities of its members.

Key Provisions

The Agreement Establishing CDEMA outlines several key provisions, including the following:

Mission and Objectives: The mission of CDEMA is to reduce the effects of disasters on the population and economy of the Caribbean. The agency`s objectives include promoting a culture of disaster resilience, enhancing disaster preparedness, coordinating response efforts, and supporting recovery and reconstruction.

Structure and Governance: CDEMA is governed by a council of ministers, which is responsible for setting policy and overseeing the agency`s operations. The council is supported by a technical committee, which is responsible for coordinating technical assistance and capacity-building initiatives.

Membership: CDEMA is open to all Caribbean governments who sign the Agreement Establishing CDEMA. Members are expected to contribute funding and resources to support the agency`s operations.

Functions: CDEMA`s functions include disaster risk reduction, emergency preparedness, response coordination, and post-disaster recovery and reconstruction. The agency also provides technical assistance, training, and capacity-building support to its members.

Role in Disaster Risk Management

CDEMA plays a critical role in disaster risk management in the Caribbean. The agency works closely with its member states to identify and prioritize the most significant risks and to develop strategies to reduce those risks. It also coordinates response efforts in the event of a disaster, providing much-needed support to affected communities.

In addition to its operational role, CDEMA also promotes a culture of disaster resilience in the region, advocating for policies and practices that reduce risks and enhance preparedness. The agency also works to build the capacity of its members, providing training and technical assistance in areas such as risk assessment, emergency management, and recovery planning.


The Agreement Establishing CDEMA is a landmark document that has played a critical role in establishing CDEMA as a leading inter-governmental agency for disaster risk management in the Caribbean. The agency`s work is essential to enhancing the resilience of the region`s population and infrastructure, and its impact is felt in communities across the Caribbean every day. As the region continues to face ongoing challenges from natural disasters, CDEMA will undoubtedly continue to play a vital role in promoting disaster resilience and reducing the impact of disasters on the Caribbean.

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